Tiruparangunram Temple in Madurai, Tamil Nadu, is one of the most renowned temples in South India and holds significant historical and religious importance.
Here are some key points about the history and special features of Tiruparangunram Temple:

Lord Muruga brings to mind Veerathirukolam, who destroyed the monster. Such a Lord Muruga is also auspicious in the Arupadaiveveda. The Surasamhara festival will be held in five houses out of those six. Especially the information that Surasamhara Vaipavam is held three times a year in a barracks is surprising to many. Do you know what that place is? That is Tiruparangunram, located in Madurai.


Sura Samhara festival is usually held here in all three festival seasons, like Aippasi month, Kanda Shashti festival, Taimadath Theppathru festival, and Panguni month festival. It is also special that Lord Muruga has four vehicles, like the goat, peacock, elephant, and rooster.

Murugan fought against the Asuras in three places. Tiruchendur is the place where the sea war took place. Tiruparangunram is where the battle took place on land. Tiruporur is the place where the battle took place in the sky. Tiruchendur is the place where this illusion is contained. Tiruparangunram is the place where Kanmam is located. Tiruporur is the place of arrogance for the sages.

Nakkirar, Arunagirinathar, Pampan Swami, Thirunnana Sambandhar, Thirunavukarasar, Sundarar, and Manikkavasakar have sung this temple, which is the first place among Arupadaiveeds. Lord Shiva, Sathyagrieswarar, Pavalak Kanivai Perumal, Karpaka Vinayagar, Subramaniyar, and Durgaiyamman are the five deities who grace here under the same umbrella next to the Moolasthana.

Most of the time, Lord Muruga would grace the standing pillar. But here in the kolam where he sits, he also blesses the goddess in the wedding kolam after the wedding ceremony. Near him are Narada, Indra, Brahma, Saraswati, and Savitri, without a veena standing on the pillar. Surya Chandras and Gandavas are arranged, as seen from above, as darshis of the marriage sphere.

Nakeeran came to this temple to pay the penalty for speaking against Lord Shiva himself for the mistake in Dharumi's song. One day, while performing puja, he saw a miraculous sight. A leaf falling from a tree into water became half fish and half bird. The bird pulled on the ground to pull the fish into the water.

Seeing this mystical scene, Nakkir's Shiva Puja was bad. Saying that Shiva has paid the fine, a goblin catches him and imprisons him. The goblin, who had beaten 999 people till then, was saying that he would kill and eat them when he reached a thousand people. When Nakkir was the 1000th person jailed, Siva fined the others and cried.

Then Nakkirar sang Thirumurukaathupe, thinking of Lord Muruga. Pleased with his Tamil and devotion, Lord Muruga killed the idol. He freed a thousand people, including Nakkir. Nakkir said that the goon should take a bath in the Ganga to wash away the sin of touching him. Hearing this, Lord Muruga threw his net on a rock and caused the river Ganga to overflow. That solution is still known as the Kasit solution. This Kasithirtha is situated on Tiruparangunram Hill. Close to it are Kasi Viswanatha Vishalakshi and Subramanyar Sannidhis in the west, facing Sannidhi.

Based on the event of sending veal to Nakkeer, the veel-taking ceremony takes place here. This festival is conducted by the people of the surrounding villages. This festival is also celebrated as a prayer for rain. Lord Muruga's palanquin leaves the temple at around 9 am. On the hill opposite Kashiviswanadha, Vel will be added to Kumara. After the pujas, alms will be offered on behalf of the villagers. In the evening, Vel takes off from the mountain on a palanquin and reaches the Subramanian Sannidhi at the base. Later in the night, take off at Bhupallak and be taken to Moolavar Sannidhi.Here, there is no Abhishekam for Kudaivara Moolah. It is noteworthy that Abhishekams will be held here only for the veal of his Thirukaram instead.

Generally, Garudalwar sannidhi is situated before Perumal sannidhi. But due to the presence of Lord Shiva against Perumal in this temple, there is no Garudalwar sannidhi. On the other hand, Garudalvara graces the north near Karthikeyan in the Shanmugar Mandapam.
White peacocks can be seen here. It is believed that the Devas turn into white peacocks and roam here to seek refuge in Muruga's sanctum. Devotees say that many white peacocks were seen here a decade ago.

Lord Shiva preached Pranava material to Goddess Parvati. Then Lord Muruga, who was a child in the lap of the goddess, heard and felt it. Then Lord Muruga thought that it was a sin to hear what he had to learn from the Guru, so he came to this place and worshiped Lord Shiva. This is the place where Lord Shiva also appeared to Lord Muruga. Lord Shiva, who appeared in Murugan as Adi Sokkanatha, has a temple opposite Subramanyar temple. It is believed that those who come to Tiruparangunram should worship Murugan only after worshiping Adi Chokanath. It is customary for Sundareshwar and Meenakshi Ammai to wake up for the Pangunith Thirukalyana Utsavam held here.

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