Keeladi is an archaeological site located near the city of Madurai in the southern Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It gained significant attention due to the discovery of a large number of artifacts dating back to the Sangam period, which is roughly around 300 BCE to 300 CE. The excavation at Keeladi has provided valuable insights into the ancient civilization of Tamil Nadu.

Here are some key points about Keeladi:

Historical Significance: Keeladi offers insights into the urban lifestyle, trade practices, art, culture, and societal structure of ancient Tamil Nadu. The findings suggest that there was a sophisticated urban civilization in this region during the Sangam period.

Artifacts: The excavations at Keeladi have unearthed a wide range of artifacts, including pottery, beads, figurines, ornaments, terracotta objects, and more. These artifacts provide valuable information about the material culture and daily lives of the people who lived in the region during that time.

Urban Settlement: The discovery of a well-planned urban settlement at Keeladi challenges earlier assumptions about the antiquity of urbanization in South India. The presence of brick structures, streets, and drainage systems indicates the existence of a thriving urban center.

Script and Writing: Some pottery fragments found at Keeladi contain Tamil Brahmi inscriptions, which suggest that writing was practiced in the region during the Sangam period. This is significant for understanding the evolution of writing systems in South India.

Trade and Economy: The presence of artifacts such as Roman coins, semi-precious stones, and pottery from various regions suggests that Keeladi was part of a network of trade routes connecting it to other parts of India and even to regions beyond, such as the Roman Empire.

In Madurai, Keeladi's discoveries have sparked interest and pride in the region's ancient heritage. It has led to increased awareness about the rich history of Tamil Nadu and the need for further exploration and preservation of archaeological sites. The findings from Keeladi contribute to a better understanding of the cultural and historical landscape of not just Madurai but the entire Tamil Nadu region.

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