Theppakulam, located in Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India, is a historic temple tank built during the reign of the Nayak dynasty, particularly by King Thirumalai Nayak in the 17th century. It is one of the largest temple tanks in Tamil Nadu, covering an area of about 16 acres.
Here are some key points about Theppakulam's history and significance:


Theppakulam was constructed as a part of the Vandiyur Mariamman Temple complex. It was built to serve as a water reservoir to supply water for the temple and surrounding areas, especially during festivals and religious ceremonies.

Design and Architecture:

The tank is renowned for its architectural grandeur and the unique design of having a small island at its center, which houses a small temple dedicated to Lord Vigneshwara (Ganesha). The tank is surrounded by steps and a mandapam (pavilion) along its perimeter.

Festivals and Celebrations:

Theppakulam Tank is a significant venue for various religious and cultural events, particularly during the Teppam festival, also known as the Float Festival, which is celebrated annually. During this festival, the deities from the Vandiyur Mariamman Temple are taken out in a procession and placed on a beautifully decorated raft (teppam), which is then floated on the tank amidst much fanfare and celebration.

Tourist Attraction:

Apart from its religious significance, Theppakulam is also a popular tourist attraction in Madurai. Visitors are drawn to its serene ambiance, architectural beauty, and cultural vibrancy during festivals.

Restoration and Conservation:

Over the years, Theppakulam has undergone several restoration and conservation efforts to preserve its historical and cultural significance. Efforts have been made to maintain the cleanliness of the tank and its surroundings, ensuring its continued importance for future generations.

My Madurai

Overall, Theppakulam stands as a testament to the rich cultural and architectural heritage of Madurai, attracting devotees, tourists, and history enthusiasts alike.